"If I had a hammer..."
6th March by Srabani Sen
There is a brilliant quote by Abraham Maslow (who created the much vaunted “hierarchy of need”):
“I suppose it is tempting, if the only tool you have is a hammer, to treat everything as if it were a nail.”
It’s a brilliant analogy of how we can limit our own thinking without even realising it. This quote kept coming into my head as I was thinking about the recent Parker Review.
On 5 February 2020 Sir John Parker released his review into diversity on corporate boards. It found that 37% of FTSE 100 companies “do not have any ethnic minority representation on their boards”. FTSE 250 companies are worse, with 69% having no ethnic diversity on their boards. The report follows a 2017 review and reveals woefully slow progress since then.
The voluntary sector has little to celebrate on board diversity. Around 8% of trustees are from ethnically diverse backgrounds, a third are women and the average age is between between 55 and 64. Given that the “tap on the shoulder” approach is still a big part of how charities find new trustees, these figures are not surprising.
The Parker Review talks about “representation” from racially diverse groups on boards. The language in interesting. It suggests an underlying assumption that a key reason for achieving diversity is to do with fairness, and ensuring Boards look like the world we live in. Personally, I believe these are good reasons to address the lack of diversity on boards and in our executive teams, but are they strong enough reasons to ignite change?
Whilst we continue to think of diversity as a fairness issue, it remains a “nice to have” rather than an essential pre-requisite for organisational success. Things like having financial skills are seen as more important, and an odd “binary” way of thinking kicks in that assumes there is an “either/or”. Either we have greater diversity, or we recruit to other skills. As if an Asian woman can’t also be the person with the financial skills you are looking for.
To be fair, Parker does say “To remain competitive in the global market, UK businesses must focus further on…increasing alignment of the Board with its customer base at home and overseas.” The problem is that many of us in the voluntary sector struggle to articulate specifically how diversity can make our own organisations more successful, achieve our strategy goals and address the particular challenges our own organisations face. Our thinking tends to be general, fuzzy and well, flabby.
Until we can articulate precisely, specifically the benefits of diversity to our own boards and our own organisations, diversity will continue to be a “nice to have”. We need to make diversity and inclusion an issue of self-interest. Something we need, crave, ruthlessly hunt down so we can raise the funds we need to raise, change the local and national government policies that would make lives better for those we serve, provide the services that make the life changing difference that we want to make.
In corporate terms success means making more money or increasing shareholder value. For the voluntary sector success is about addressing some of the most profound inequalities our planet faces. How much more important is it, therefore, that we get diversity and inclusion right so that we can make the biggest difference we possibly can?
Until we see the issues of diversity and inclusion as ones of self-interest, we will never truly address their lack. On our boards or anywhere else. And the joy of it is, for our sector, self-interest and doing the right thing are so aligned they are pretty much the same thing.
So ditch the hammer. There’s a whole toolbox out there with different ways of thinking and doing things around diversity and inclusion. Open it up and see what you find.
This piece was originally written for charity management magazine Charity Times.
Srabani Sen OBE
After a long career in the not for profit sector, including three CEO roles (Alcohol Concern, Contact a Family and the British Association for Adoption and Fostering), Srabani set up her own consultancy supporting organisations develop their leadership teams and increase their impact. In summer 2019 she launched Full Colour which has quickly grown into a thriving enterprise that works with leaders to drive inclusion and diversity within their organisations in ways that are practical, game changing and fun. She has served on Boards for more than 25 years, and currently chairs campaigning organisation 38 Degrees, and children and young people's charity The Winch. She was awarded an OBE for her services to children and families.